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Effect of Potassium Fertilizer Split Applications together with Straw on Optimum Level in Leaf and Stem of Rice

Authors:

E. Pavithira,

Department of Export Agriculture, Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Passara Road, 90000, Badulla, LK
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D. N. Sirisena,

Rice Research and Development Institute, Batalagoda, 60500, Ibbagamuwa, LK
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H. M. S. K. Herath

Department of Export Agriculture, Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture, Uva Wellassa University, Passara Road, 90000, Badulla, LK
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Abstract

Effect of long term K fertilizer application together with rice straw on optimum K level in leaf and stem of rice plants was evaluated in a field experiment. No K fertilizer (T1), rice straw only (T2); 20 kg K2O ha–1 of K (both at basal dressing and panicle initiation) with rice straw (T3), 20 kg K2O ha–1 of K (at basal dressing) with rice straw (T4), 20 kg K2O ha–1of K (at panicle initiation) with rice straw (T5), and 20 kg K2O ha–1 of K (both at basal dressing and panicle initiation) (T6) were applied. Rice straw was amended at the rate of 5 t ha–1. Soil samples were analysed for exchangeable K and non-exchangeable K during the growing season and plant samples were analysed for K content in leaf and stem at maturity (12 weeks after planting). At harvesting, total grain yield and number of panicles were recorded. Soil and plant K contents under no K fertilizer (T1) were significantly lower (P<0.05) throughout the cultivation period compared to all other treatments. However, shoot dry matter, number of panicles, and grain yield were not significantly different (P>0.05) among treatments. All K fertilizer applied plots depicted higher K content in leaves and stem of rice plants, compared to the no K fertilizer treated plots, irrespective of straw application. The highest exchangeable K and non-exchangeable K contents were recorded in the treatment received with K fertilizer at the rate of 20 kg K2O ha–1(at basal dressing and panicle initiation) with rice straw, T3). When consider plant K uptake in relation to the non-exchangeable K there was a positive relationship irrespective of the type of treatment and the number of weeks after planting. According to these results it can be concluded that to maintain optimum K content (1.5 %) in leaf and stem of rice plant, it is needed to apply K fertilizer together with rice straw.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v12i1.8203
How to Cite: Pavithira, E., Sirisena, D.N. & Herath, H.M.S.K., (2017). Effect of Potassium Fertilizer Split Applications together with Straw on Optimum Level in Leaf and Stem of Rice. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 12(1), pp.24–33. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v12i1.8203
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Published on 01 Jan 2017.
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