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Efficiency and Managerial Ability of Paddy Farming Under Minor Irrigation Conditions: A Frontior Production Function Approach

Authors:

A Aruna Shantha ,

School of Economics, Collage of Business, University Utara Malaysia, Kedah, MY
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BGH Asan Ali,

School of Economics, Collage of Business, University Utara Malaysia, Kedah, MY
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RAG Bandara

Faculty of Management Studies, Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

In economics, it is well recognized that resources involved in the production process are limited in supply and the scare resources should be efficiently used without wasting. Efficient utilization depends on managerial ability of entrepreneurs-farmers, firm, etc. Available literature suggests that farmers in the developing countries fail to exploit the full potential of a technology and make allocative errors. Thus, increasing the efficiency in production assumes greater significance in attaining potential output at the farm level. However it is an undeniable fact that the majority of dry zone paddy farmers are characterized by poor economic status due to inefficient utilization of available resources. This paper investigates the economic and technical efficiency of paddy farming in a minor irrigation scheme in Sri Lanka and to suggest some policy recommendation for improving the efficiency of resource use.The experiment sites were four minor tanks in Tricomalee district and respective tanks were randomly selected based on the list of the village tank in same district. The empirical study was carried based on a sample of 158 farmers in selected tanks. In this study, the technical efficiency of paddy farmers was estimated by using stochastic frontier production function, incorporating technical efficiency effect model. The Cobb Douglas production function was found to be an adequate representation of the data.According to the results obtained from the stochastic frontier estimation, the average technical efficiency of selected farmers given by the Cobb Douglas model is 69.08 per cent. This indicates that there is scope of farther increasing the output by 30.2 percent without increasing the level of input. With imputed cost profit margin of paddy farming under village tanks was Rs.0.27 per kg and Break even yield was 3,505 kg per ha.The analysis using the Cobb-Douglas function indicated miss-allocation of resources in most of the location in the sample area due to managerial inability of farmers.

The Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2012, vol.7, no3, page 145-158

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/jas.v7i3.4878

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v7i3.4878
How to Cite: Shantha, A.A., Ali, B.A. & Bandara, R., (2012). Efficiency and Managerial Ability of Paddy Farming Under Minor Irrigation Conditions: A Frontior Production Function Approach. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 7(3), pp.145–158. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v7i3.4878
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Published on 03 Nov 2012.
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