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Effect of Heat Stress on Phenological Traits of Wheat Genotype

Authors:

P. Bala,

Department of agriculture, Hazi lalmia City College, Gopalganj, BD
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S. Sikder

Department of Crop Physiology and Ecology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, BD
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Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted at Crop Physiology and Ecology Department, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur to identify phenology, growing degree days, phenothermal index and heat use efficiency of wheat genotypes in response to heat stress.


Research Method: Eight wheat genotypes viz., Pavon-76, Prodip, BARI Gom-25, BARI Gom-26, BAW-1143, BAW-1146, BAW-1147 and BAW-118 were used and seeding them at November 27 (normal), December 17 (late) and January 7 (very late growing condition) over two successive years of 2011-12 and 2012-13. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design and main plot treatments were sowing time and sub plot design was wheat genotypes.


Findings: The number of days for attaining different phenological stages, the requirement of heat unit (GDD), phenothermal index (PTI) and heat use efficiency (HUE) was higher for normal growing condition compared to late and very late growing condition and higher in heat tolerant genotypes than the heat sensitive genotypes in each sowings of every year. The heat tolerant (HT) genotype BAW-1143 needed highest number of days whereas, HS genotype Pavon-76 required the lowest number of days for attaining all the phenological stages .Under normal growing condition, HT genotype BAW-1143 had the  significantly highest HUE (2.22 and 2.37 for first and second year, respectively).  But HS genotype Pavon-76 had the lowest HUE (1.71 and 2.16 for first and second year, respectively).

Limitations: The limitations of the research are apparent  to the fact that it  was done in a single location.


Originality/Value: This research helps the  researcher to identify heat tolerance genotypes for further investigation.

Keywords: Heat stress HUE phenology PTI 
How to Cite: Bala, P. & Sikder, S., (2018). Effect of Heat Stress on Phenological Traits of Wheat Genotype. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 13(1), pp.31–44. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v13i1.8298
Published on 01 Jan 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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