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Contribution of Integrated Urban Agriculture to Household Income: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality, Tanzania

Authors:

Kelvin Victor ,

Sokoine University of Agriculture, TZ
About Kelvin
Department of Development Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities
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Fatihiya A Massawe,

Sokoine University of Agriculture, TZ
About Fatihiya A
Department of Policy Planning andmanagement, College of Social Sciences and Humanities
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Anna Sikira

Sokoine University of Agriculture, TZ
About Anna
Department of Development Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities
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Abstract

Purpose: Urban farmers make efficient utilization of resources by integrating crop-livestock-fish subsectors to maximize accrued benefits. However, types of integration practices adopted and associated income outcome are still undocumented. Thus this study specifically assessed the types of integrated urban agriculture (IUA) mostly practiced by farmers, types of livelihood strategies adopted simultaneously with IUA and its contribution to total household income.

Research Method: The study adopted cross-sectional research design. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 132 respondents. Descriptive statistics employed to assess livelihood strategies prioritised by integrated urban farmers. Multiple linear regression technique was adopted to model factors influencing IUA annual income.

Findings: The results show that integrated urban agriculture is the most prioritised livelihood strategy to urban farmers. Majority of urban farmers (98.5%) practising integrated farming concentrated on crop-livestock, while fish-livestock and crop livestock-fish integration adopted only by 0.75% each. This implies that, majority of urban farmers did not practice fish sub-sector. Integrated urban agriculture gives average annual income of 2 295 288 TSH (equivalent to 1093$); which was sufficient for household of six members being above monetary food poverty line per year.

Research Limitation: This study focuses on income livelihood indicator; however, farmers can also, benefit from integrated agriculture through food security, social inclusion and ecology to mention some.

Originality/Value: This study provides an comprehensive layout adopted by integrated urban farmers to benefit from the sub-sectors and what is missing for improvement of the enterprises for improved livelihood outcome in Tanzania
How to Cite: Victor, K., Massawe, F.A. & Sikira, A., (2018). Contribution of Integrated Urban Agriculture to Household Income: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality, Tanzania. Journal of Agricultural Sciences – Sri Lanka. 13(3), pp.237–246. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v13i3.8397
Published on 30 Aug 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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