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Pathogenicity of Stem-end Rot Associated Fungi Isolated from Karthakolomban Mango and Their Control by Spray and Fumigation Treatments with Selected Essential Oils

Authors:

T. D. Kodituwakku,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About T. D.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
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K. Abeywickrama ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About K.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
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K. O. L. C. Karunanayake

The Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
About K. O. L. C.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Natural Sciences
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Abstract

Purpose: Stem-end rot (SER) is a major disease of mango that causes  serious postharvest losses. Application of fungicides is environmentally unsound and is being practiced currently in its control. This study was conducted to develop essential oil treatment systems as eco-friendly strategies to control SER of Karthakolomban mango and to determine the pathogenicity of several SER associated fungi.


Research Method: Pathogenicity of four fungal isolates in SER was assessed by inoculating them on Karthakolomban mango fruits. Karthakolomban mango fruits were subjected to spray and fumigation treatments using four essential oils and their pathological, physicochemical and sensory properties were evaluated after a 8-day storage at 12 – 14 ºC.


Findings: Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Pestalotiopsis sp., Phomopsis sp. and Xylaria feejeensis were the major SER pathogens of mango. X. feejeensis was identified as a SER pathogen for the first time in Sri Lanka. Spray and fumigation treatments conducted using basil, clove, cinnamon leaf and cinnamon bark oils effectively controlled SER of Karthakolomban mango stored at 12 – 14 ºC for 8 days. Mango sprayed with 1.6 µL/mL cinnamon bark oil has displayed no SER after induced ripening. None of the treatments caused drastic alterations in physicochemical and sensory properties of mango.


Research Limitations: Storage period of mango was restricted to 8 days due to the initiation of natural ripening which was the major limitation to achieving a further enhanced shelf life.


Originality/value: The treatment strategies developed by this research could be commercialized as bio-safe SER control strategies in reducing postharvest losses of mango in the local and international trade.

How to Cite: Kodituwakku, T.D., Abeywickrama, K. and Karunanayake, K.O.L.C., 2020. Pathogenicity of Stem-end Rot Associated Fungi Isolated from Karthakolomban Mango and Their Control by Spray and Fumigation Treatments with Selected Essential Oils. Journal of Agricultural Sciences – Sri Lanka, 15(1), pp.19–36. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v15i1.8669
Published on 01 Jan 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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