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Arboreal Tiger Beetles Recorded from Lowland Crop Cultivations in Sri Lanka

Authors:

D. L. Abeywardhana,

University of Colombo, LK
About D. L.
Department of Zoology and Environment Sciences, Faculty of Science
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C. D. Dangalle ,

University of Colombo, LK
About C. D.
Department of Zoology and Environment Sciences, Faculty of Science
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Y. W. Mallawarachchi

Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, New Kandy Road, Malabe, LK
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Abstract

Purpose : Thirty-one species of arboreal tiger beetles are known from Sri Lanka of which 25 species are endemic. However, their habitat types are poorly documented and the available records are far outdated. Therefore, a survey of tiger beetles was carried out to determine their present occurrence with emphasis on agricultural habitat types.

 

Research Method : Forty-six locations of the country, covering eighteen districts, all provinces, representing a majority of bioclimatic zones except those in Montane Sri Lanka were surveyed for arboreal tiger beetles. Sampling was conducted using the visual encounter method. Collected beetles were identified using taxonomic keys and descriptions.

 

Findings : Eight species of arboreal tiger beetles were collected from the survey. Majority of the species (06) were collected from crop cultivations of coconut and also from tea, fruit farms, betel leaf, cinnamon and pepper. Four species of Derocrania and two species of Tricondyla were recorded from the cultivations and all had fused elytra and hence unable to fly. Derocrania scitiscabra was the dominant arboreal tiger beetle species in the crop cultivations.

 

Originality/ Value : The study documents hitherto unrecorded habitat types for a poorly documented important beetle group of Sri Lanka. It further provides information for future research on the possibility of using arboreal tiger beetles as bio-control agents of insect pests of agricultural crops.

How to Cite: Abeywardhana, D.L., Dangalle, C.D. and Mallawarachchi, Y.W., 2021. Arboreal Tiger Beetles Recorded from Lowland Crop Cultivations in Sri Lanka. Journal of Agricultural Sciences – Sri Lanka, 16(1), pp.135–142. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v16i1.9191
Published on 01 Jan 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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