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Optimization of Composite Fruit Peel Powder as a Texture Modifi er for Fat Free Set Yoghurt: A Mixture Design Approach

Authors:

P.G.I. Dias,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About P.G.I.
Department of Food Science and Technology; Faculty of Applied Sciences;Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
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J.W.A. Sajiwanie,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About J.W.A.
Department of Food Science and Technology; Faculty of Applied Sciences;Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
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R.M.U.S.K. Rathnayaka ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About R.M.U.S.K.
Department of Food Science and Technology; Faculty of Applied Sciences;Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
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O.O. Awolu

Department of Food Science and Technology; Federal University of Technology; Akure,;Nigeria, NG
About O.O.

Department of Food Science and Technology; Federal
University of Technology;

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Abstract

Purpose: Fruit waste (FW) is a leading food waste type generates globally. Industrial management of such FW is a great challenge. Since those wastes are rich in nutrients, phytochemicals, and other functional compounds, they can be reused by value addition. In the present study, composite fruit peel powder was formulated and optimised from the FW collected from leading fruit processing industries in Sri Lanka. This powder was utilized as a texture modifi er in fat free yoghurt to minimise the whey off . Research Method: The experiment was carried out using an optimal mixture design of response surface methodology (Design Expert, 8.0.3.1 trial version) for sixteen composite samples. The independent variables were passion fruit peel (FFPP) (60.00–70.00 g/100 g), pineapple peel (PPP) (20.00–30.00 g/100 g), and orange peel (OPP) (10.00–20.00 g/100 g) powders. The dependent variables were proximate composition (fi bre, fat, and ash contents), physiochemical (colour values), and technological (bulk density, swelling capacity, oil holding capacity, water holding capacity) properties. Findings: Results of the ANOVA test showed that the model and model terms signifi cantly aff ect (P≤0.05) all the parameters except bulk density and oil holding capacity. The contour plots showed that the orange peel largely contributes to the fi bre, fat, ash contents and redness (a*) while passion fruit peels highly contribute to the lightness (L*) and water holding capacity. PFPP (60%), OPP (20%) and PPP (20%) were selected as optimum blend due to high fi bre content, water holding capacity, and lightness along with less fat content. Originality/Value: Accordingly, it is possible to optimise some quality parameters of fruit peel powders by compositing them.
How to Cite: Dias, P.G.I., Sajiwanie, J.W.A., Rathnayaka, R.M.U.S.K. and Awolu, O.O., 2021. Optimization of Composite Fruit Peel Powder as a Texture Modifi er for Fat Free Set Yoghurt: A Mixture Design Approach. Journal of Agricultural Sciences – Sri Lanka, 16(2), pp.226–236. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jas.v16i2.9328
Published on 01 May 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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